3D medical printing is expected to develop and find its niche in several areas of medicine, including investigating applications for 3D printing of biomaterials and living cells; adapting 3D printing for surgical planning; and developing applications for tumor removal, spinal surgery and craniofacial surgery and reconstruction.

The medical device industry is finding applications for this technology, with custom-designed hearing aids, dental and other implantables, prosthetics and other devices that can be modified to best serve the user. Application of customized 3D printed implants reduces surgical complications and promotes patient compatibility.