Worldwide efforts to reduce the use of fossil fuels and their associated carbon dioxide emissions are the predominant factors driving the automotive market.
The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) standards are projected to require average fleet-wide performance levels of 35.5 mpg by model year 2016 and 54.5 mpg by 2025.
To meet these requirements, manufacturers will need to develop more efficient and innovative powertrain systems. In many cases, this will manifest in higher levels of vehicle electrification in applications such as:
Idle start-stop system
Electric Power Steering (EPS)
Liquid heater PTC
Electric air-conditioner compressor
Electric vacuum pump
Electric oil pump
Electric water pump